Cooler Temps

Twenty degrees makes a world of difference.  From 95 degrees to 75 degrees recently has perked up everything.  It’s nice to have the weather match the calendar.

Also, we were blessed with six inches of rain.

coolautumn6Turk’s Cap (Malvaviscus arboreus) is a winner.  It was named a Texas Superstar by Texas A & M in 2011.  And that it is.

coolautumn7Pictures of the garden really points out flaws.  In this photo I noticed the Hackberry tree growing in the Salvia Greggi.  I have since cut it down.  Behind the salvia is hardy Russian Sage (Perovskia atriplicifolia)  and several different rose bushes.

coolautumn8In front is Double Delight rose, then Tropicana rose with tall Knock-Outs in the background.

coolautumn5Purple Aster didn’t perform very well this year because it needs to be divided.  I’ve read that should be done in early spring.

coolautumn3The dead pods on the Purple Coneflowers (Echinacea purpurea)  are beginning to bug me.  I was leaving them as food for birds this winter.  But I decided to cut the heads off and leave them in the flowerbed.  Then the stems can be eliminated.  That way the birds can forage on the ground, and the dead plants are not an eyesore.

The Strawberry Gomphera (Gomphrena globosa) bloomed in the spring, hot summer, and now into autumn.  Even though they are small, their bright color gives a great bang for the buck.  They also reseed generously.

coolautumnaMexican Petunias (Ruellia simplex) are still going strong.

coolautumncThey don’t bloom with a great mass, but the delicate tubular flowers on the ends of tall stalks are pretty.

coolautumndCannas have revived with some red flowers.

coolautumneBlue Mist Flower (Conoclinium coelestinum) fuzzy puffs continue to draw butterflies.

coolautumnfA few flowers remain on Pink Gaura (Gaura lindheimeri), but leaves have dropped off.

coolautumnkDuranta (Duranta erecta) is a hot weather plant but has seemed to like the cooler weather.  Love it.

coolautumnmWhat is prettier than these clusters of tiny purple flowers?

Several potted plants still look good:

coolautumnhRussian Sage, Turk’s Cap, and Kolanche in pots provide some color.

coolautumniFinally, the Bougainvilla has a few blooms.  Don’t know what the problem is, but thes are the first flowers this year.  Probably didn’t fertilize it.

coolautumnjAfrican Bulbine’s (Bulbine frutescens ‘Orange’) flowers wave in the wind.  All of these potted plants will have to go into the shed for the winter.

hibiscusHibiscus is looking good.  The wet weather is agreeing with it.

hibiscus1Love the color of the flowers.

hibiscus2This tropical Hibiscus has been in this pot for eight years.  The beautiful flowers make it worth hauling into the shed each winter.

coolautumnoIce Plant will die back during the winter.  I used to always have a start inside, but it has come back from the last two winters, so that doesn’t seem necessary.

ContainerPlants1Purple Oxalis (Oxalis triangularis) or False Shamrock has been in this pot for years.

coolautumn1Last week I was working at the Brady Master Gardener’s Butterfly Garden.  I thought that Monarchs had already passed through this area, but I was obviously wrong.

coolautumn2I love Maxamillan Sunflowers (Helianthus maximiliani) with lots of flowers on each stalk.  They grow in the bar ditches around here.

The cooler weather is great, but it also means winter will be here soon and flowers will be gone.  But winter is what makes spring so special.

“Holding a grudge is letting someone live rent free in your head.”  unknown

Goldthwaite, Texas Botanical Gardens

The Botanical Gardens and Native American Interpretive Center in Goldthwaite, Texas, is not the type of garden most people conjure up when they think of a botanical garden.  It is a representation of the nature prairie that existed in the area at the time of the early native Comanches.

The gardens were the brain child of a non-Texan who moved to the area.  It was years in the planning and fund raising stages.

Goldthwaite GardenLast fall was their grand opening with Laura Bush as their main speaker.  The Center has affiliations with both the Smithsonian Museum and a group of Comanches in Oklahoma.  Some of them attended the grand opening and performed dances.

Goldthwaite Garden7This Visitor Center for the area was constructed by the Texas Highway Department.  Additional funds were raised by a couple of other groups.  The Highway Department architect worked with the Garden committee to design the building.

One big feature is the v shaped roof.  Rainwater collects in the center and drains down the chain into an underground concrete cistern.  Any watering of the gardens is from that cistern.

The gardens are entered through the building.  The most impressive part of the garden to me was the advance planning.  It was definitely done right.

Goldthwaite Garden1Scattered throughout the gardens are informative signs about the Comanches.

Goldthwaite GardenmOnly native plants from the area were used.  This is Pigeonberry (Rivina humilis Rivina humilis L.), which has scarlet fruit that birds love.

Goldthwaite Garden2Goldthwaite Garden8Designed to look like an ancient cooking berm, these rocks represent the rocks that wood fires were built on.  When the rocks cracked from the heat, additional rocks were placed on top creating a raised area.  Lots of shells are just below the ground in Mills County.  The natives used those as tools while cooking.

Goldthwaite GardencaThey also constructed ovens from rocks.

Goldthwaite GardenbWild gourds and squashes that were inedible raw, were cooked and eaten.  This shows what was in the center of the oven.

Goldthwaite GardennNative grains were ground with stones on flat rocks.

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Goldthwaite GardenfOne of the disappointments in the gardens were the plant identification signs.  They have faded and are barely legible.  That probably surprised whoever choose them.

The architect and person who orchestrated the gardens was our guide.  But I don’t remember the name he gave for this plant.  Maybe Wooly Paperflower?

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Goldthwaite GardenhThe wickiup design and construction show how the Indians were able to use the land but not leave a footprint.

Goldthwaite GardendThey were basically just shelter from the sun and rain.

Goldthwaite GardeneBuffalo Grass 609 is a low water usage ground cover.  Its blades are soft, flop over, and don’t necessarily need to be mowed.  This grass was only watered one time this summer.

Goldthwaite GardencA quick sun shelter.

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Goldthwaite Garden9Plains Blackfoot Daisy (Melampodium leucanthus) doesn’t need much water and in fact, will die with too much.  They grow well in rocky or in sandy soils.

Goldthwaite GardenaWater from the cistern flows into a small stream that wanders through the gardens.  The site is actually small – a little larger than one fourth of a block.  The excellent designed meandering trails circle through the gardens, making it feel larger.

Goldthwaite GardengNarrow-leafed Gayfeather (Liatris mucronata) blooms during the hot summer and into the fall.  It was used to treat sore throat and rattlesnake bites.

Goldthwaite GardenlTrees are strategically placed so that when they mature, they will block out the surrounding buildings and perhaps muffle the traffic noises.

Goldthwaite GardeniPokeberry (Phytolacca americana L.) has poisonous berries and roots, but the pink stems were eaten as greens.  However, the berries were not poisonous to birds.  The berry juice was used as a dye.

Goldthwaite GardenjCan’t remember the name of this plant, but I like it.

Goldthwaite Gardenp

Goldthwaite GardenkDraping across the rock is Texas Frog Fruit (Lippia nodiflora).  It can form thick mats in the yard and the long strands are easy to trip on.

The yellow flowers look like some kind of poppy or primrose.

Goldthwaite GardenoThe massive amounts of rocks brought into the site from the countryside are staggering.  All of work was done by the guy who gave us the tour and his four workers.  Wow.

Future plans include a three story museum building.  Already enough artifacts have been donated to just about fill it up.  Funds are being raised and grants sought.  All this has been accomplished by a small town with less than 2,000 citizens and a county of just about 5,000 people.  It truly is a grass roots project.

I guess the message is to dream big.

“Life always begins with one step outside of your comfort zone.”
Shannon L. Alder